The M-1872 Staff & Field Officers Sword and the M-1878 Staff & Foot Officers Sword were produced in modest quantities (5,261) between 1873 and 1902.
During this period, several changes were made, including the hilt, grip, etched panels and the signature on the ricasso. Such an abundance of changes and the reasonable quantities produced made them highly desirable and historically significant swords to collectors.
Model 1872 & 1878 swords produced at the Springfield Armory were marked with some signature variation. However, a small quantity also bear the signature of the National Armory. They were often confused with Model 1860 Swords, which were never swords of the Springfield Armory.
Early Model 1872 Staff and Field Officers Sword with folding guard (top) compared to Model 1878 Staff and Foot Officer Sword with fixed guard (bottom).
Model 1878 Staff and Foot Officers Sword with a fixed guard and George G. Saunder’s initials etched on the blade.
Scabbards: The M-1872 and M-1878 sword scabbard is seen browned (early), blued, and nickel-plated. There are numerous variants to the drag.
M-1872 & 78 scabbards are 33.0 inches. M-1872 etched panels are 12.5 inches. M-1878 etched panels are from 15.0 to 18.5 inches.
Blade Length: 31.1 inchesOverall Length: 37.5 inchesBlade Width: 0.625 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.25 inches
^ Model 1860 General Officers Sword attributed to General Stephen V. Benet by virtue of its likely production date (1884 to 1888), SWP marked drag, and the cloth bag with S.V. Benet’s name clearly marked. Benet may have owned more than one General Officers Sword, as a Toledo blade sword with Springfield hardware is clearly etched with Benet’s name.
The Model 1860 General Officers Sword is the scarcest of all swords or sabers produced at the Springfield Armory. With only 21 manufactured according to armory records, simply seeing one outside of the Springfield Armory Museum is a treat for any collector. There are four quick means of identification for this sword, so as not to confuse it with the common Model 1860 sword from other makers, or the Model 1872 and Model 1878 Officers Swords made at the Springfield Armory.
First, the grip on the General Officers Sword is metal and silver or occasionally gold plated. Second, the etched panel on the blade runs nearly from the guard, where the Springfield Armory signature is to be found, to within 10 inches of the sword tip. Third, the scabbard for the General Officers Sword is the common Springfield officers scabbard of the period, but with a star affixed between the rings. Finally, the scabbard tip and drag are similar to that of the Model 1868 USMA Cadet Officers Scabbard.
Observation would suggest that the dating of the General Officers Sword would be nearly identical to the estimated dating of the Springfield Armory Model 1872 Staff and Field Officers Sword and Model 1878 Staff and Foot Officers Sword, as well as the Model 1873 and Model 1880 Cavalry Sabers, due to somewhat similar design features within the etched panels. However, due to the few General Officers Swords that were made, dating is less certain, yet we have some degree of confidence.
^ Note the highly polished George G. Saunders (GGS) mark on a late Model 1860 General Officers Sword blade that was produced at Springfield (left). While GGS marked swords are expected to be seen on a Model 1872 Staff and Field Officers Sword, it also should not be unreasonable to expect to see these inspector initials on a Model 1878 Staff and Foot Officers Sword and the Model 1860 General Officers Sword. Because many GGS inspected and approved blades were set aside for use in named Model 1872 Officer Swords, they may have also been available for the Model 1878 Officers Swords and General Officers Swords, as they were made using identical blades. Note the casting date of 1891 on the guard of another General Officers Sword (right).
Scabbards: The scabbard for the General Officers Sword is the common Springfield officers scabbard of the period, but with a star affixed between the rings. The scabbard tip and drag are similar to that of the Model 1868 USMA Cadet Officers Scabbard.
Scabbard lengths vary from 32.5 inches to 34.0 inches. The etched panels are 24.0 to 24.5 inches.
Total Produced: 21
The M-1911 Experimental Cavalry Saber was designed and produced for trials following rejection of the M-1905 Experimental Saber as being too light for cavalry use. It was eventually rejected in favor of the M-1913 Cavalry Saber.
Production records indicate that only 79 sabers were made at the Springfield Armory in 1911 and serial numbered. However, the serial numbers of the known M-1911 Experimental Cavalry Sabers range from 110 to 177.
This rare saber is among the most sought after cavalry saber made and is highly prized in any condition. The blade is bright with a slight curve and stopped fuller. It has a wedge shaped leather buffer. The scabbard is as much of interest as the saber.
Scabbards: The M-1911 Experimental Cavalry Saber scabbard was made at the Rock Island Arsenal. It is fabric over wood with a metal throat and drag. The drag has a tent peg teat at the tip.
Blade Length: 31.75 inchesOverall Length: 37.75 inchesBlade Width: 1.0625 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.3125 inches
Total Produced: 79
The M-1868 USMA Cadet Officers Sword is rare. Developed in 1867 and produced in 1868 until 1919, this sword was strictly designated for use at West Point Military Academy by the Springfield Armory.
Several civilian contractors produced similar swords for other military schools and some care must be taken to insure authenticity.
The diamond-shaped blade on the M-1868 USMA Cadet Officers Sword is plain and highly polished, with the only marking being the Springfield Armory signature on the ricasso. Because of the constant polishing of this sword, the signature can often be nearly indistinguishable.
Only 253 of these swords were produced at the Springfield Armory between 1869 and 1914.
USMA Cadet scabbards vary considerably. The band and hook are attached at different distances from the throat. In some instances, the band may be attached by one or two screws or by a small rivet.
USMA Cadet scabbards also have variances on the tip and drag. These two scabbards have attachment differences and one has a drain hole.
Model 1868 USMA Cadet Officers Swords were heavily used and polished, often requiring repair. These three Springfield-made swords reflect their respective age only by the degree of wear to the Springfield Armory blade signature due to continuous polishing. All Springfield-made swords of this model have brass guards, while subsequent contractors used either brass or white metal guards.
Scabbards: The correct M-1868 USMA Cadet Officers scabbard is nickel-plated and may be more rare than the sword. Both the mouthpiece and drag are gilded bronze. There are several known variants.
Blade Length: 28.625 inchesOverall Length: 34.5 inchesBlade Width: 0.625 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.25 inches
The M-1905 Experimental Saber was designed and 11 were produced for trials in 1905 after several prototypes were produced, examined and rejected. (Most of these prototypes are at the Springfield Armory Museum today.) The saber was designed to be used by the Cavalry instead of the M-1902 Officers Saber.
A total of 157 additional M-1905 Experimental Sabers were produced at the Springfield Armory in 1906. Just over 1,000 hilts and guards produced by Springfield were sent to the Ames Company for mounting on Ames manufactured blades.
Both Springfield and Ames produced the M-1905 Experimental Saber in three different lengths and with two points, standard and clipped. Springfield put serial numbers on their blades.
Scabbards: The M-1905 scabbard is made of wood, covered in collar leather for enlisted and pigskin for officers, and was manufactured at the Rock Island Arsenal. There are three lengths to accommodate the blade lengths. Nickel-plated steel scabbards have also been noted. They are rare and assumed to have been produced at the Springfield Armory.
Blade Length: 27, 30, and 32 inchesOverall Length: add 6.25 inchesBlade Width: 0.875 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.25 inches
*Sabers observed and reported with duplicate numbers.
The M-1902 Officers Saber was designed and adopted as a replacement for the M-1872 Staff and Field Officers Sword, which was regarded as too light for slashing and not stiff enough for thrusting. This saber continues as the authorized model to this day.
The M-1902 Officers Saber was authorized in three different lengths and has been seen in over a dozen different signature patterns, two of which are quite scarce. Production began in 1903 and continued through 1918.
A total of 5,735 M-1902 Officers Sabers were produced at the Springfield Armory. The M-1902 was also widely produced for the Army and military schools by many civilian contractors and are generally much less sought after.
Signatures on this saber can be broken down into several types:
Several presentation sabers have had the recipients name etched into one of the panels. This example above is that of General T. “Tommy Gun” Thompson.
Scabbards: The M-1902 scabbard is German silver or nickel-plated steel. There are three lengths to accommodate the blade lengths.
Blade Length: 30, 32, and 34 inchesOverall Length: add 5.25 inchesBlade Width: 0.875 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.25 inches
The M-1882 Light Artillery Officers Saber produced at the Springfield Armory has a highly curved, bright and unmarked blade.
This M-1882 was produced in small quantities from 1873 through 1902, with a total of 902 manufactured. The M-1882 Light Artillery Officers Saber is not easily identifiable and great care should be taken in acquiring this scarce and highly desirable saber.
The Model 1882 Light Artillery Officers Saber (left) is an early production. The grip is black leather and all pieces of the grip and scabbard furniture are gilded. The Model 1882 Light Artillery Officers Saber (right) is known to be a 1902 production and none of the pieces of the grip or furniture on the scabbard were gilded.
This Model 1882 Scabbard drag has a piece of steel sandwiched between the brass elements of the drag.
Model 1882 Scabbards are plain and the furniture is simple and unmarked. Early and late produced scabbards are not interchangeable with their respective sabers.
The tip of the Model 1882 Scabbard (top) is clearly gilded and the drag bears the S.W.P. stamp of Samuel Porter.
Scabbards: The correct M-1882 Light Artillery Officers scabbard is nickel-plated steel and should fit the blade of the saber cleanly.
Blade Length: 32 inchesOverall Length: 37 inchesBlade Width: 0.875 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.25 inches
The M-1872 Cavalry Officers Saber and M-1880 Field & Cavalry Officers Saber were produced at the Springfield Armory and have long, curved, bright, and ornately etched blades.
There are five known variants of the M-1880 Field & Cavalry Officers Saber. All are marked differently on the ricasso and have variances on the etched panels.
Model 1880 Field and Cavalry Officers Saber (left) and Model 1872 Cavalry Officers Saber (right) with notable differences in the blade size and the fullers.
Scabbards: The M-1872 Cavalry Officers scabbard is nickel-plated steel, with various gilded bronze drags. The Model 1872 Cavalry Officers Saber has a heavy blade with a stopped fuller. The Model 1880 Field & Cavalry Officers Saber is lighter and has an unstopped fuller.
Blade Length: 34 inchesOverall Length: 39.5 inchesBlade Width: 0.81 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.296 inches
The M-1913 Cavalry Saber, also known as the Patton Sword or Saber, remains one of the most sought after and attainable edged weapons produced. Over 35,000 were manufactured at the Springfield Armory, Springfield, MA, between 1913 and 1918. All are marked with SA, a flaming bomb and date on one side of the ricasso and with US and a serial number on the reverse side.
The saber is notable for several reasons. First, its design is attributed to Lieutenant George S. Patton, who gained initial notoriety as an athlete and fencing expert in the 1912 Olympics and then later as a Lt. General in WWII. Second, only a few thousand sabers are thought to have survived, as many were cut up to make trench knives for soldiers entering WWII. Additionally, the sword is well made and represents the last of the weapons authorized for use by the cavalry.
Variants: An additional 93,000 sabers were contracted to the firm of Landers, Frary and Clark for production in 1917 and 1918. They have the L F & C marking in place of SA, usually have no serial number, but may bear an inspector number. All are dated 1918 and 1919.
As noted, thousands of M-1913 Cavalry Sabers were cut into sections to make fighting knives for WWII soldiers. Additionally, the OSS had sabers made into drop knives for resistance forces in several countries. These all are highly collectable knives.
SA and ordnance symbol with year close up
US and serial number close up.
Scabbards: Canvas over wood with metal throat and drag (3 variants), and a nickel plated steel garrison scabbard.
Blade Length: 35.25 inchesOverall Length: 41.5 inchesBlade Width: 1.175 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.298 inches
Total Produced: 38,000
The M-1905 Bayonet was adopted to be used as a knife bayonet with the Model 1903 Rifle, after it was determined that the rod bayonet, adopted earlier, did not contain the features or durability that was necessary for the modern trench warfare of the early 1900’s. Because the Model 1903 Rifle was shorter than the previously used Krag Rifle, it was believed that a longer knife bayonet was needed. The trial versions of the M-1905 Bayonet were made at the Springfield Armory and dated 1905, but had no serial number.
Once the bayonet was officially adopted, production began at both the Springfield Armory and the Rock Island Arsenal. Although 1906 Springfield production included a serial number on the 1906 dated bayonets, the 1906 Rock Island Arsenal bayonet did not have a serial number.
The Springfield Armory produced over 1 million M-1905 Bayonets between 1905 and 1922, while the Rock Island Arsenal produced just under 0.5 million total bayonets in runs between 1906 and 1914 and then again between 1917 and 1919. Early bayonets had bright blades and blued hilts. Many bright blades were later blued and then, beginning in 1917, all blades were parkerized.
At the on set of WWII, and with the adoption of the M-1 Garand Rifle, there was a recognized shortage of M-1905 Bayonets. The U. S. Government decided to contract with several civilian manufacturers to produce additional M-1905 bayonets, which many collectors have conveniently, but erroneously, dubbed M-1942 Bayonets.
During 1942 and 1943, just over 1 million additional M-1905 Bayonets were produced by American Fork and Hoe, Utica Cutlery, Onieda Limited, Wilde Tool, PAL, and Union Fork and Hoe. In 1943, production was halted with the adoption of a shorter M-1 Bayonet for the M-1 Garand Rifle and orders were given to begin to cut and grind M-1905 Bayonets of all makers. The modified version was officially designated the M-1905(E1) Bayonet. Over one million M-1905 Bayonets were converted to M-1905(E1) Bayonets.
The M-1905 Bayonet and its variants have become the core of many bayonet collections and are highly sought after in its many forms by novice and advanced collectors alike. Although numerous designs of modified M-1905 bayonets were produced in single or small quantities, only the M-1905 Bayonet with Silencer Guard was produced and distributed in any quantities. However, they are extremely scarce today. A M-1905 Fencing Bayonet was produced by civilian contractors. This plastic coated bayonet was issued to the U.S. Navy.
Scabbards: Original M-1905 scabbards were a wooden body with a metal throat, a russet leather covering and a Krag-style hanger, however, many variations followed. The M-1910 scabbard was adopted later and many variations exist. Finally, the M-3 scabbard was adopted and also exists in several forms. The M-7 scabbard was adopted for the (E1) model and is seen in two variants.
Blade Length: 16 inchesOverall Length: 20.56 inchesBlade Width: 1.031 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.248 inches
Total Produced: 1,195,000
The M-1904 Hospital Corps Knife was the first of the modern Springfield Armory made edged weapons to carry a serial number. Designed for use by the U. S. Army Medical Corps, over 40,000 Hospital Corps Knives were made at the Springfield Armory, Springfield, MA between 1904 and 1914, however, none have been found with the 1906 date.
According to archive correspondence, the first 236 knives were issued without serial numbers, but at the request of the Surgeon General of the U.S. Army, the Springfield Armory began the serial numbering process with number 237 and continuing upward.
Previously issued knives were recalled for numbering, but a very small number of knives without serial numbers have survived. The lowest known serial number is 264. Contrary to many stories, the knife was not designed for “field expedient amputations”, but the look in the novice’s eyes often make the tale worth the telling.
1904 dated knife
US close up with out serial number
M-1904 with scabbard
1904 date close up, no SA
Scabbards: Leather with a belt loop or with a Krag-style belt hanger. Several variations of metal throats are known.
Blade Length: 12.0 inchesOverall Length: 17.25 inchesBlade Width: 2.25 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.375 inches
Total Produced: 40,000
The M-1909 Bolo Knife was designed to aid US soldiers deal with the jungle foliage that they had previously found themselves in with incursions into Cuba and the Philippines, where natives used similar sized machetes. (Earlier attempts at creating cutting tools with bolo bayonets designed for the Krag rifle were seen as failures.) The M-1909 Bolo Knife was designed to be carried as a belt knife from its first production at the Springfield Armory in 1909 to its final production in 1915. A total of 17,540 were produced at the Springfield Armory. Beginning in 1917, Plumb and Collins each produced a variant of the M-1909, designated as M-1917 Bolo Knife.
Variant: The M-1909 Bolo Bayonet was produced at the Springfield Armory in 1911 and 1913. In spite of varying production estimates, it is fairly rare. Even though many have been observed, fakes are possible, and acquiring one warrants caution.
Reverse of SN 63
Earliest known M-1909 to date
Obverse of SN 63
Scabbards: Original M-1909 Scabbards were made in three variants by the Rock Island Arsenal and appropriately marked. All have leather belt loops and metal throats with a placement pin. M-1917 Bolo Scabbards were made by Ladew.
Blade Length: 13.94 inchesOverall Length: 19.52 inchesBlade Width: 2.31 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.3125 inches
Total Produced: 17,540
The M-1910 Bolo Knife was adopted to be used for clearing brush and foliage from fields of fire or for cutting through jungle growth. Issued concurrently with the larger M-1909 Bolo Knife, the M-1910 Bolo Knife was produced at the Springfield Armory between 1910 and 1917.
Official armory records indicated just under 60,000 were produced. Many Springfield Armory made M-1910 Bolo Knives were later blued and re-issued for WWII. Records indicate the M-1910 Bolo Knife was primarily issued to machine gun companies for clearing fields of fire, and possibly to signal units for clearing brush to string land lines.
Variant: In 1917 Plumb and American Cutlery also were contracted to make parkerized bolo knives often designated the M-1917 Bolo by collectors. Later bolo knives of all producers were made without catches.
Scabbards: The standard M-1910 Bolo Scabbard is fashioned much in the same manner of the M-1910 bayonet scabbard with wood covered in sewn pigskin, a metal throat, metal belt hanger, and a canvas cover with leather tip. In addition to the Rock Island Arsenal version, four civilian contractor scabbards are commonly seen. A metal scabbard was also made by L.F. & C. with a leather connector to a wire belt hanger.
Blade Length: 10.25 inchesOverall Length: 15.0 inchesBlade Width: 2.125 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.25 inches
Total Produced: 60,000
The unofficial Stiletto designation for the M-1921 Bayonet was given by collectors to this experimental bayonet produced at the Springfield Armory. Judging from armory production records, 4 were produced in 1920, 20 were made in 1921, and 51 were made in 1922. All observed ones have been dated 1921 and do not have serial numbers. The bayonet was not recommended for adoption in February 1923.
Scabbards: There are two observed scabbards. One is similar to the M-1910 Canvas Covered scabbard for the M-1905 bayonet, only shorter. It was made at Rock Island Arsenal and dated 1921. The other is reinforced plastic in olive drab, similar to the M-3 or M-7 scabbards, only shorter.
Blade Length: 8.5 inchesOverall Length: 12.3 inchesBlade Width: 1.0625 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.225 inches
According to the Records of the Chief of Ordnance (R.C.O.), 165 were produced in 1921 and 100 in 1923 for the Balloon Service Corps. Only two are known to exist.
Blade Length: 2.875 inchesOverall Length: 7.125 inchesBlade Width: 0.8125 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.125 inches
The M-5 Experimental Utility Knife was manufactured at the Springfield Armory in 1957 at the request of the U.S. Army Infantry Board, —using Arial M-5 Bayonets. The Army was considering eliminating the bayonet at that time, but eventually rejected the idea. The blade has hard rubber grips that were easy to replace, if damaged. Only 12 of these knives were made.
Blade Length: 6.652 inchesOverall Length: 11.25 inchesBlade Width: 0.875 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.156 inches
The M-4 Experimental Utility Knife was manufactured at the Springfield Armory early in 1957 at the request of the U.S. Army Infantry Board, from M-4 bayonets. The blade has hard plastic grips that were easy to repair and were designed to resist fungus, unlike previous leather grip utility knives. Only 11 of these knives were made.
Blade Length: 6.75 inchesOverall Length: 11.625 inchesBlade Width: 0.875 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.156 inches
Designed for use by the U. S. Cavalry during the 1880’s, the M-1873 Entrenching Tool was produced at the Springfield Armory in high numbers. Issued with various model rifles, the M-1873 Entrenching Tool was specifically designed to be used for digging small entrenchments or scraping dirt to form a small, protective mound during battle.
This is regarded as the first of the true issued Springfield Armory edged weapons, other than the sword or saber. Although the piece is fairly common, ones available in excellent condition are sought after by advanced collectors.
The only notable difference in any two tools is the location and size of the U.S. stamped in the turned handle.
US markings on obverse
Close up of US marking on handle and scabbard
Alternate US stamping
Scabbards: Leather covered with ring for saddle mounting. Many scabbards are noted to have a leather loop instead of a metal ring.
Blade Length: 8.0 inchesOverall Length: 13.5 inchesBlade Width: 3.5 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.0325 inches
The M-1890 Intrenching Knife was a change in nomenclature for the M-1880 Hunting Knife in order to emphasize that combat was the primary purpose of the knife, not hunting and skinning game. In 1893, the Springfield Armory made 501 M-1890 Intrenching Knives.
Changes of markings were made on the guard and pommel, so as to distinguish the new knife from its predecessor.
Reproductions of this rare and highly sought after knife are common and collectors should use caution.
Scabbards: The M-1890 Intrenching Knife had a brass hook scabbard. It was manufactured at the Rock Island Arsenal and is so marked.
Blade Length: 8.5 inchesOverall Length: 13.56 inchesBlade Width: 2.0 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.125 inches
The M-1880 Hunting Knife was designed for concurrent use with the M- 1881 and the M-1888 Rod Bayonet Rifles also manufactured at the Springfield Armory. The first 1002 knives were made in 1881 and had iron guards. Subsequently another 9,000 or 10,000 were made with brass guards (records vary). In 1883, the first 4,000 or 5,000 M-1880 Hunting Knives were made with brass guards and another 5,000 were made in 1885.
All M-1880 Hunting Knives were serial numbered. The knife was used heavily in western outposts, accounting for the wide distribution and usually sharpened or pitted condition found by collectors. The purposes of the knife included skinning game, digging shallow trenches, and clearing brush.
Reproductions of this sought after knife are common, as are finding legitimate ones with replacement handles. Collectors should use caution.
Scabbards: Several variants of leather scabbards were designed for the M-1880 Hunting Knife, including experimental versions, and many still exist today. Some are more rare than the knife. Scabbard designations include the leather long- and short-loop, two versions of the brass hook, and the Varney scabbards. All were manufactured at Watervaliet Arsenal.
Blade Length: 8.5 inchesOverall Length: 13.6 inchesBlade Width: 2.0 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.125 inches
Originally and specifically designed for the U. S. Field Sanitation Corps (later, by time of authorization and issue to be known as the Hospital Corps, then the Medical Corps), the M-1887 Hospital Corps Knife was produced at the Springfield Armory. In 1889, 650 knives were produced. In 1891, the armory produced 406 knives.
There are two distinguishing characteristics between the 1889 (Type I) and the 1892 (Type II) knives. The first type has an etched panel about 3.5 inches from the guard, and the edge is narrower near the guard than near the tip. The second type has an etched panel about 2 inches from the guard, and the edge is nearly even from guard to near the point.
The principle design purpose of the M-1887 Hospital Corps Knife was for clearing brush and cutting branches for field expedient splints or stretcher poles. Today, these highly sought after knives are scarce and excellent condition ones are quite rare. Reproductions are common.
Scabbards: The Type I Hospital Corps Knife was issued with a belt loop scabbard made at Watervliet Arsenal, and so marked. The Type II knife was issued with scabbards that had a brass hanger and were produced at the Rock Island Arsenal, and so marked. Rock Island also made replacement scabbards with the brass hanger.
Blade Length: 12.0 inchesOverall Length: 16.875 inchesBlade Width: Type 1 – 1.5 to 1.875 inches | Type II – 1.5 to 1.625 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.125 inches
The M-1915 Bolo Bayonet was designed as a replacement for the M-1909 Bolo Bayonet. It is an extremely scarce, although over 6,000 were manufactured. In FY 1916 there were 3,200 M-1915 Bolo Bayonets produced at the Springfield Armory, and 2,804 were made there in 1913. Designed and issued for field use, no actual records of widespread use have been found in military documents to date. It appease to have only been used in the Phillipines.
Great care should be taken in acquiring and authenticating this rare bolo bayonet.
Scabbards: The standard scabbard manufactured for the M-1915 Bolo is canvas covered with a brass throat and drag. It is extremely scarce.
Blade Length: 15.75 inchesOverall Length: 20.9 inchesBlade Width: 1.9 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.225 inches
The M-1909 Bolo Bayonet is a variant of the M-1909 Bolo Knife and has been seen in three forms, all of which are distinguished by differences in the hilt. It is extremely scarce and many attempts have been made to create fakes of this rare bolo bayonet, usually by welding M-1892 Bayonets to M-1909 Bolo Knives.
Only 50 of these Bolo Bayonets were produced at the Springfield Armory in 1911, and 52 in 1913. Designed and issued for field use, no actual records of their use have been found in military documents to date.
Note: Line drawing is of an experimental M-1909 bolo bayonet.
Scabbards: There standard scabbard manufactured for the M-1909 Bolo in 1911 and 1913 by Rock Island are correct.
Blade Length: 13.9 inchesOverall Length: 19.5 inchesBlade Width: 2.3 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.3125 inches
Officially named the M-1900 Bolo Bayonet, the Krag Bolo Bayonet, is a variant of the M-1892 Bayonet. It is extremely scare and may attempts have been made to create fakes of this rare bayonet, especially by welding M-1892 Bayonets to M-1910 Bolo Knives.
Only 50 of these Bolo Bayonets were produced at the Springfield Armory in 1902, and 6 in 1903. Designed and issued for field trials in the Philippines, no actual indication of their use in such trials have been found in military documents to date.
Great care should be taken in acquiring and authenticating this rare bayonet.
Scabbards: There was one distinct blued metal body scabbard manufactured for the M-1902 Bolo Bayonet. This scabbard has a wire hanger is more rare than the bayonet.
Blade Length: 10.25 inchesOverall Length: 14.55 inchesBlade Width: 2.1 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.25 inches
Scabbards: There one distinct standard blued, metal body scabbard manufactured for the Bowie Bayonet. It has a wire hanger. It is more rare than the bayonet.
Blade Length: 9.1 inchesOverall Length: 12.3 inchesBlade Width: 1.75 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.225 inches
The M-1898 Cadet Bayonet, or Type II Krag Cadet Bayonet, is a second variant of the M-1892 Bayonet made specifically for the Cadet Corps at West Point and may have been used at other military schools.
The bayonet is a full size standard bayonet, modified with nickel plating, a rounded tip, and rosewood grips secured by threaded screws instead of rivets.
Produced in very limited quantities this bayonet is sometimes confused with standard M-1892 bayonets that were chromed for use in veteran posts.
Scabbards:The standard blued fourth type of metal body scabbards is typically seen with this Cadet Bayonet. No official records have been found to date.
Blade Length: 11.6 inchesOverall Length: 16.2 inchesBlade Width: 1.0 inchesBlade Thickness: 0.25 inches
The M-1895 Cadet Bayonet, or Krag Cadet Bayonet (Type I), is a variant of the M-1892 Bayonet. Specifically designed for use at West Point, the bayonet is not a cut-down standard bayonet.
Produced in very limited quantities in 1895 and in 1900, this rare bayonet remains highly sought after.
Scabbards: There are five distinct blued, metal body scabbards that were manufactured for the Cadet Bayonet. Metal loop, leather loop, and wire hangers have all been noted.
Blade Length: 8.6 inches Overall Length: 13.1 inches Blade Width: 1.0 inches Blade Thickness: 0.25 inches
The M-1892 Bayonet, also known as the Krag Knife Bayonet for it’s association with the M-1892 Krag Rifle, was the first standard production knife bayonet adopted by the US Army and produced at the Springfield Armory. Production began in 1894 and continued through 1903 although there are reposts of 1904 abd 1905 dated blades. The M-1892 Bayonet replaced a series of rod bayonets and socket style bayonets previously used in the U.S. small arms inventory.
Originally, the M-1892 was blued and issued as such in 1894 and 1895, and in a bright finish thereafter. In 1896, many bayonets that were blued were returned to the arsenal for removal of the bluing, however, small quantities of originally blued bayonets survived. From 1894 until 1899, all of bayonets were manufactured with the rivets ground flush to the grips. Beginning in April 1899, all bayonets were produced with the rivets in the dome style. Bayonets returned to the Springfield Armory for refurbishing were also re-issued with domed rivets.
There are four notable bayonet variants, each with unique scabbards:
M-1895 Cadet Bayonet (1895 & 1900)M-1902 Bolo Bayonet (1902)M-1900 Bowie Bayonet (1900)M-1898 Cadet Bayonet (plated)
Scabbards: There are four distinct standard scabbards that were issued in sequence over the 10 years that the M-1892 bayonet was produced. The most distinguishing characteristic is the swivel hanger that fit onto the cartridge belt. The first two were of the metal loop variety, the first having a full 360 degree rotation and the second being limited in rotation by a stop. The third and fourth variants had wire closures that were hinged. The third had a narrow gap fitting between cartridge loops on the belt, and the fourth variant had a wide gap that fit around a single cartridge loop.